According to official Census, about two % of India's roads, which are national highways, facilitate much more than 40 % of inland trade by way of metropolitan cities. This strain, coupled with aging infrastructure, obsolete technologies, and inadequate facilities, has posed various challenges to the developing economy and its motorists.

In order to combat these challenges, the Government of India initiated a cluster project for modernising the highways sector of the nation and revamping its road infrastructure, and handed more than the project to its highway wing, the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI). The cluster initiative is a mix of various subprojects, some of which contain Wayside Amenities (WSA), Electronic Toll Collection (And so on), GPS tolling, and mobile application for highway commuters.

The WSA subproject is aimed at supplying hygienic amenities along national highways and its toll plazas a protected halting point to commuters. The subproject additional consists of 3 diverse models – Highway Nest, Highway Nest (Mini), and Highway Village. The Nest and Nest (Mini) have currently been constructed at various toll complexes. The Village, which is the biggest of the 3 models, as soon as constructed, will property higher-finish facilities like helipads.

And so on, the second in the cluster, is an automated tolling technique that utilizes RFID sensors to detect cars passing by means of the toll lane and deduct the charge. The NHAI has constructed almost 400 devoted And so on lanes on current national highway Toll plazas. In order for the technique to produce the invoice and gather the payment, the car have to have a FASTag sticker, which is an RFID-encoded sticker, affixed to its windscreen. The FASTag sticker code will have data such as car quantity and bank account specifics of the owner/driver. The sensors study the code and debit the quantity.

GPS tolling is an additional vital project the government road agency is undertaking. The project, which is at the moment in the pilot phase, will use satellites and a centralised database to deduct toll charge. The technique, if confirmed to be viable, will get rid of the have to have for infrastructure such as toll gates. The pilot project is becoming tested in the Delhi-Mumbai corridor.

The NHAI also rolled out a highway-utilities application named Sukhad Yatra. The application connects to the GPS and provides customers all highway-associated data, like the name of the highway they are on and amenities offered on that strip of road. It also has a constructed-in portal for registering complaints against toll operations and infrastructure.

The cluster project will rebuild Indian roads to worldwide requirements. Apart from these projects, the NHAI also is spearheading various other Central government projects, like Bharatmala Pariyojna, which is the 88,000-km enterprise that will connect all of India's trade corridors and rural regions by means of continuous strips of sophisticated roads, and the India-Myanmar-Thailand Trilateral Highway project to connect India, ASEAN member-nations, and South Asia.